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ZONE - An area as identified by the proper authorities for specific use; subject to certain restrictions and/or restraints.

ZONING – Regulations adopted by a municipality that divides their jurisdiction into land-use districts, or zones, whose purpose is to restrict and regulate how a property can be used and specifies the development standards for each of these areas (Building height, building setbacks, required parking, etc).

ZONING BOARD OF APPEALS - Under state statutes, a zoning board of appeals must be formed when a local legislature adopts its zoning law. They must consist of three to five members. The essential function of the zoning board of appeals is to grant variances. In this capacity it protects landowners from the unfair application of the laws in particular circumstances. The zoning board of appeals also hears appeals from the decisions of the zoning enforcement officer or building inspector when interpretations of the zoning ordinance are involved.

ZONING DISTRICT - A zoning district is a portion of the community designated by the local zoning ordinance for certain kinds of land uses, such as single-family homes on lots no smaller than one acre in size or neighborhood commercial uses. Only these primary permitted land uses, their accessory uses, and any special uses permitted in the zoning district may be placed on the land in that portion of the community.

ZONING ENFORCEMENT OFFICER - This is the local administrative official who is responsible for enforcing and interpreting the zoning code. The local building inspector may be designated as the zoning enforcement officer. Land use applications are submitted to the zoning enforcement officer who determines whether proposals are in conformance with the use and dimensional requirements of the zoning law.

ZONING LAW OR ORDINANCE - State law allows city councils and town boards to adopt zoning provisions by local law or ordinance. Since 1974, village boards of trustees have not had the authority to adopt legislation by ordinance, only by local law. Technically, zoning regulations adopted by villages are zoning laws. Only city and town legislatures may adopt zoning ordinances. Zoning regulations, however, are often referred to as zoning ordinances regardless of these technical distinctions.

ZONING MAP - This map is approved at the time that the local legislature adopts a zoning ordinance. On this map, the zoning district lines are overlaid on a street map of the community. This map divides the community into districts. Each district will carry a designation that refers to the zoning code regulations for that district. By referring to this map, it is possible to identify the use district within which any parcel of land is located. Then, by referring to the text of the zoning code, it is possible to discover the uses that are permitted within that district and the dimensional restrictions that apply to building on that land. The zoning map, implemented through the text of the ordinance, constitutes a blueprint for the development of the community over time.

 ZONING ORDINANCE – See: ZONING LAW 

 

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